The following materials relate to prejudice reduction and social justice. To learn more about an item or to purchase a book, please click on its title. As an Amazon Associate,, up to 15% of all book purchases made through Amazon.com (by clicking a link below and ordering the book online) will go toward supporting this web site.
For additional reading materials on this topic, please see the continuously updated Prejudice and Conflict Reduction Reference Database maintained by Professor Elizabeth Paluck of Princeton University.
Prejudice Reduction Strategies Across the Lifespan
- Bucher, R. D. (2010). Diversity Consciousness: Opening Our Minds to People, Cultures and Opportunities (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
- Connor, J. M., & Killian, D. (2012). Connecting Across Differences: Finding Common Ground with Anyone, Anywhere, Anytime. Encinitas, CA: Puddledanceer Press.
- Gaertner, S. L., & Dovidio, J. F. (2000). Reducing Intergroup Bias: The Common Ingroup Identity Model. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.
- Levin, J. (2002). The Violence of Hate: Confronting Racism, Anti-Semitism, and Other Forms of Bigotry. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
- Levy, S. R., & Killen, M. (Eds.). (2010). Intergroup Attitudes and Relations in Childhood Through Adulthood. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Oskamp, S. (2000). Reducing Prejudice and Discrimination. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Pittinsky, T. L. (2012). Us Plus Them: Tapping the Positive Power of Difference. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press.
- Stern-LaRosa, C. (2000). Hate Hurts: How Children Learn and Unlearn Prejudice. New York: Scholastic.
- Adams, M., Bell, L. A., & Griffin, P. (Eds.). (2007). Teaching for Diversity and Social Justice: A Sourcebook for Teachers and Trainers (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.
- Aronson, E., & Patnoe, S. (2011). Cooperation in the Classroom: The Jigsaw Method (3rd ed.). London: Pinter & Martin, Ltd.
- Cuyjet, M. J., Howard-Hamilton, M. F., & Cooper, D. L. (Eds.). (2011). Multiculturalism on Campus: Theory, Models, and Practices for Understanding Diversity and Creating Inclusion. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.
- Derman-Sparks, L. (1989). Anti-Bias Curriculum: Tools for Empowering Young Children. Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children.
- Dilg, M. (2010). Our Worlds in Our Words: Exploring Race, Class, Gender, and Sexual Orientation in Multicultural Classrooms. New York: Teachers College Press.
- Fox, H. (2009). "When Race Breaks Out": Conversations About Race and Racism in College Classrooms (rev. ed.). New York: Peter Lang Publishing.
- Gay, G. (2010). Culturally Responsive Teaching: Theory, Research, and Practice (2nd ed.). New York: Teachers College Press.
- Goodman, D. J. (2011). Promoting Diversity and Social Justice: Educating People from Privileged Groups (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.
- Holsinger, K. (2012). Teaching Justice: Solving Social Justice Problems Through University Education. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing.
- Marshall, P. L. (2002). Cultural Diversity in Our Schools. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
- Shade, B. J., Kelly, C., & Oberg, M. (1997). Creating Culturally Responsive Classrooms. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
- Stephan, W. G. (1999). Reducing Prejudice and Stereotyping in Schools. New York: Teachers College Press.
- Carr-Ruffino, N. (1999). Diversity Success Strategies. Boston, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.
- Gallos, J. V., & Ramsey, J. (1996). Teaching Diversity: Listening to the Soul, Speaking from the Heart. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
- Gardenswartz, L., & Rowe, A. (1994). The Managing Diversity Survival Guide: A Complete Collection of Checklists, Activities, and Tips/Book and Disk. Burr Ridge, IL: Irwin Professional Pub.
- Loden, M. (1995). Implementing Diversity. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- McFarlin, D., & Sweeney, P. (2013). International Organizational Behavior: Transcending Borders and Cultures. New York: Routledge.
- Mor Barak, M. E. (2011). Managing Diversity: Toward a Globally Inclusive Workplace (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
- Rasmussen, T. (1996). Diversity: The ASTD Trainer's Sourcebook. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Ross, H. J. (2011). Reinventing Diversity: Transforming Organizational Community to Strengthen People, Purpose, and Performance. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
- Sonnenschein, W. (1999). The Diversity Toolkit: How You Can Build and Benefit from a Diverse Workforce. New York:
- Tolbert, A. S. (2002). Reversing the Ostrich Approach to Diversity: Pulling Your Head Out of the Sand. Bloomington, MN: Nasus Publishing.
- Batson, C. D. (2011). Altruism in Humans. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Ciaramicoli, A. P., & Ketcham, K. (2000). The Power of Empathy: A Practical Guide to Creating Intimacy, Self-Understanding, and Lasting Love in Your Life. New York: E. P. Dutton.
- Davis, M. H. (1994). Empathy: A Social Psychological Approach. Madison, WI: Brown & Benchmark Publishers.
- Eisenberg, N., & Mussen, P. (1989). The Roots of Prosocial Behavior in Children. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Hoffman, M. L. (2000). Empathy and Moral Development: Implications for Caring and Justice. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Howe, D. (2012). Empathy: What It Is and Why It Matters. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Ickes, W. (Ed.). (1997). Empathic Accuracy. New York: Guilford Press.
- Kohn, A. (1990). The Brighter Side of Human Nature: Altruism and Empathy in Everyday Life. New York: Basic Books.
- Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. R. (Eds.). (2010). Prosocial Motives, Emotions, and Behavior: The Better Angels of Our Nature. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
- Perry, B. D., & Szalavitz, M. (2010). Born for Love: Why Empathy Is Essential--and Endangered. New York: William Morrow.
Activism and Social Change
- Bobo, K., & Kendall, J., & Max, S. (2010). Organizing for Social Change (4th ed.). Orange County, CA: The Forum Press.
- Bornstein, D. (2007). How to Change the World: Social Entrepreneurs and the Power of New Ideas (updated ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Brown, M. J. (2007). Building Powerful Community Organizations: A Personal Guide to Creating Groups that Can Solve Problems and Change the World. Chicago, IL: Long Haul Press.
- Cooney, N. (2011). Change of Heart: What Psychology Can Teach Us About Spreading Social Change. New York: Lantern Books.
- Dutta, M. J. (2011). Communicating Social Change: Structure, Culture, and Agency. New York: Routledge.
- Earl, J., & Kimport, K. (2011). Digitally Enabled Social Change: Activism in the Internet Age. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Trigg, M. K. (Ed.). (2010). Leading the Way: Young Women's Activism for Social Change. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
- Zandt, D. (2010). Share This! How You Will Change the World with Social Networking. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
| Magazines, E-Zines, and Newsletters:|
Activism and Antiracism
- Lehrman, S. (2005). News in a New America. Miami, FL: John S. and James L. Knight Foundation.
- Vanderhorst, G. (2002, January). Denouncing Racism: A Resource Guide of Faith-Based Principles. Washington, DC: National Conference for Community and Justice.
- Wessler, S., & Moss, M. (2001, October). Hate Crimes on Campus: The Problem and Efforts to Confront It (monograph NCJ 187249, Hate Crimes Series 3). Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Assistance, U.S. Department of Justice.
General Overviews on Prejudice Reduction
- Aboud, F. E., & Levy, S. R.. (1999). Reducing racial prejudice, discrimination, and stereotyping: Translating research into programs. Journal of Social Issues, 55.
- Dovidio, J. F., & Gaertner, S. L. (1999). Reducing prejudice: Combating intergroup biases. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8, 101-109.
- Hawley, W. D., Banks, J. A., Padilla, A. M., Pope-Davis, D. B., & Schofield, J. W. (1995). Strategies for reducing racial and ethnic prejudice: Essential principles for program design. In W. D. Hawley, A. W. Jackson, et al. (Eds.), Toward a Common Destiny: Improving Race and Ethnic Relations in America. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
- Monteith, M. J., Zuwerink, J. R., & Devine, P. G. (1994). Prejudice and prejudice reduction: Classic challenges, contemporary approaches. In P. G. Devine, D. L. Hamilton, & T. M. Ostrom (Eds.), Social Cognition: Impact on Social Psychology (pp. 323-346). San Diego: Academic Press.
- Monteith, M. J., & Voils, C. I. (2001). Exerting control over prejudiced responses. In G. B. Moskowitz (Ed.), Cognitive Social Psychology: The Princeton Symposium on the Legacy and Future of Social Cognition (pp. 375-388). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Empathy and Perspective Taking
- Batson, C. D., Polcarpou, M. P., Harmon-Jones, E., Imhoff, H. J., Mitchener, E. C., & Bednar, L. L. (1997). Empathy and attitudes: Can feeling for a member of a stigmatized group improve feelings toward the group? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 105-118.
- Galinsky, A. D., & Moskowitz, G. B. (2000). Perspective-taking: Decreasing stereotype expression, stereotype accessibility, and in-group favoritism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 708-724.
- McGregor, J. (1993). Effectiveness of role playing and antiracist teaching in reducing student prejudice. Journal of Educational Research, 86, 215-226.
- Plous, S. (2000). Responding to overt displays of prejudice: A role-playing exercise. Teaching of Psychology, 27, 198-200.
- Stephan, W. G., & Finlay, K. (1999). The role of empathy in improving intergroup relations. Journal of Social Issues, 55, 729-743.
The Contact Hypothesis
- Desforges, D. M., Lord, C. G., Ramsey, S. L., Mason, J. A., Van Leeuwen, M D., & West, S. C (1991). Effects of structured cooperative contact on changing negative attitudes toward stigmatized social groups. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 531-544.
- Pettigrew, T. F. (1997). Generalized intergroup contact effects on prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 173-185.
- Wittig, M. A., & Grant-Thompson, S. (1999). The utility of Allport's conditions of intergroup contact for predicting perceptions of improved racial attitudes and beliefs. Journal of Social Issues, 54, 795-812.
- Wright, S. C., Aron, A., McLaughlin-Volpe, T., & Ropp, S. A. (1997). The extended contact effect: Knowledge of cross-group friendships and prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 73-90.
Cooperative Learning Teachniques
- Aronson, E., & Gonzalez, A. (1988). Desegregation, jigsaw, and the Mexican-American experience. In P. A. Katz & D. A. Taylor (Eds.), Eliminating Racism: Profiles in Controversy (pp. 301-314). New York: Plenum Press.
- Slavin, R. E., & Cooper, R. (1999). Improving intergroup relations: Lessons learned from cooperative learning programs. Journal of Social Issues, 55, 647-663.
- Walker, I., & Crogan, M. (1998). Academic performance, prejudice, and the jigsaw classroom: New pieces to the puzzle. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 8, 381-393.
Cognitive Dissonance and Prejudice Reduction
- Constans, H. P. (1983). To tip the scale against prejudice: The use of the theory of cognitive dissonance in the reduction of racial prejudice. Focus on Learning, 9, 18-24.
- Hing, L. S. S., Li, W., & Zanna, M. P. (2002). Inducing hypocrisy to reduce prejudicial responses among aversive racists. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 38, 71-78.
- Leippe, M. R., & Eisenstadt, D. (1994). Generalization of dissonance reduction: Decreasing prejudice through induced compliance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 395-413.
- Rokeach, M. (1971). Long-range experimental modification of values, attitudes, and behavior. American Psychologist, 26, 453-459.
Reducing Implicit Attitudes and Stereotypes
- Blair, I. V. (2002). The malleability of automatic stereotypes and prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 242-261.
- Blair, I. V., Ma, J. E., & Lenton, A. P. (2001). Imagining stereotypes away: The moderation of implicit stereotypes through mental imagery. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 828-841.
- Dasgupta, N., & Greenwald, A. G. (2001). On the malleability of automatic attitudes: Combating automatic prejudice with images of admired and disliked individuals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 800-814.
- Rudman, L. A., Ashmore, R. D., & Gary, M. L. (2001). "Unlearning" automatic biases: The malleability of implicit prejudice and stereotypes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 856-868.
- Blanchard, F. A., Lilly, T., & Vaughn, L. A. (1991). Reducing the expression of racial prejudice. Psychological Science, 2, 101-105.
- Eberhardt, J. L., & Fiske, S. T. (1996). Motivating individuals to change: What is a target to do? In C. N. Macrae, C. Stangor, & M. Hewstone (Eds.), Stereotypes and Stereotyping (pp. 369-415). New York: Guilford Press.
- Stangor, C., Segrist, G. B., & Jost, J. T. (2001). Changing racial beliefs by providing consensus information. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 486-496.
- Vrij, A., Van Schie, E., & Cherryman, J. (1996). Reducing ethnic prejudice through public communication programs: A social-psychological perspective. Journal of Psychology, 130, 413-420.